The Public Health Agency of Sweden
Updated 1 November 2022

How to protect yourself and others – COVID-19 recommendations

This is a summary of what you can do to protect yourself and others from being infected with COVID-19. There are special recommendations for those who are not vaccinated.

Take responsibility for preventing the spread of infection

Everyone has a responsibility for preventing the spread of COVID-19.

Get vaccinated to protect yourself and others

The vaccination offers strong protection against serious illness and the spread of COVID-19.

The Public Health Agency recommends that everyone aged 18 years and above get vaccinated against COVID-19 with three doses.

The Public Health Agency also recommends further booster doses to everyone aged 65 years and above, and to those who are 18 years and above and belong to a risk group.

At the website you can read about vaccination procedures in the region where you live.

Vaccination against COVID-19 at

Stay home when you are ill

Stay home and avoid close contact with others if you are ill and have symptoms of COVID-19. This also applies if you have taken a self-test that was negative.

Call telephone number 1177 if you need help assessing your symptoms or advice on where to seek medical care.

If you work in health or social care you are recommended to get tested for COVID-19.

At you can read about testing for COVID-19 in your region: Getting tested for COVID-19 (

Special recommendations for those who are unvaccinated

Adults who are not vaccinated should be particularly careful. This means that they should avoid crowding and indoor environments where many people gather.

Those who are not vaccinated and belong to a medical risk group, run a higher risk of getting seriously ill with COVID-19. The risk of serious illness increases with age.

Medical risk groups (National Board of Health and Welfare, in Swedish)

Fact sheets

  • How to wash your hands

    The poster in A4 describes what and how you should do to keep your hands clean. Feel free to print it out and put it up in places you think are suitable.

    How to wash your hands