The Public Health Agency of Sweden
Updated 17 January 2022

About COVID-19 and pregnancy

Pregnant people run a higher risk of becoming seriously ill with COVID-19 and it is important to feel well prior to giving birth. Therefore, it is particularly important for those who are pregnant to get vaccinated or to avoid getting infected if not vaccinated.

Studies show that pregnant people have a slightly higher risk of becoming seriously ill with COVID-19. The National Board of Health and Welfare considers that serious COVID-19 during the later stages of pregnancy increases the risk of premature birth. Therefore, if you are more than 20 weeks pregnant, you are considered to be in a risk group. According to The National Board of Health and Welfare, there are other factors that might increase the risk of serious COVID-19 such as obesity, high blood pressure and diabetes. If this applies to you, consult your midwife or doctor.

Pregnant people who are not vaccinated are recommended to be extra cautious and follow our general guidelines during the whole pregnancy.

How to protect yourself and others from being infected with COVID-19

Get vaccinated against COVID-19

Vaccination against COVID-19 is recommended because the vaccines provide good protection against serious illness and reduce the risk of premature birth.

Someone who is pregnant and vaccinated against COVID-19 has equally good protection against the disease as other people who have been vaccinated. Risk groups, including pregnant people who are vaccinated with two doses, can follow the same recommendations that apply to everyone.

Most people who become ill with COVID-19 develop some sort of immune response and get a protection against serious illness. If you are pregnant and have had confirmed COVID-19, you have the same protection as other people who have had the disease. Vaccination against COVID-19 is recommended even if you previously have had COVID-19.

Pregnancy and vaccination against COVID-19

This applies at your workplace

According to a decision by the Swedish Work Environment Authority, pregnant workers should not work in the treatment or care of persons with confirmed COVID-19 infection.

Information from the Swedish Work Environment Authority:

Coronavirus and workplace safety and health

Employers are responsible for assessing risks for pregnant and breastfeeding employees according to the Swedish Work Environment Act.

Information on applicable regulations due to COVID-19 from the Swedish Social Insurance Agency:

The coronavirus/covid-19 – applicable regulations

Newborn babies run a very low risk of getting infected

Children can be infected with COVID-19 but do not normally become ill. Therefore, healthy newborn babies do not need to be separated from their mothers after delivery due to the risk of transmission. Breast milk is not a source of transmission and there is no reason to prevent mothers from breastfeeding.

COVID-19 can still affect the child if the person who is pregnant becomes seriously ill and have to give birth prematurely or if you as a parent have difficulties caring for your child because of a serious COVID-19 infection.