The Public Health Agency of Sweden
Updated 5 July 2021

Recommendations to reduce the spread of COVID-19

Everyone in society has a duty to prevent the spread of COVID-19. The following is a summary of what applies to you as a private individual.

Take responsibility for preventing the spread of infection

Everyone has a personal responsibility to prevent the spread of infection. You must think about how you can avoid getting infected, how you must keep your distance and how you can avoid infecting others. Show consideration, especially to people who belong to at-risk groups.

If you experience symptoms, you should stay at home in self-isolation. You should also get tested to find out if you have COVID-19. This applies to both vaccinated and unvaccinated people. It is also important to wash your hands.

When outside the home

You should keep your distance from other people and avoid crowded places. This is especially important when spending a longer period of time with someone and when you are indoors. You should avoid places like shops, shopping centres and public transport if they are crowded.

When you meet up with other people

If you meet up with people other than your closest family members, you should do so in a way that reduces the risk of spreading infection.

You reduce the risk of spreading infection by keeping your distance and avoiding being close to other people, especially when indoors and for a longer period of time. It is also important to stay at home and get tested if you experience any symptoms.

When you work

If you have work tasks that can be done at home, reach an agreement with your employer to work from home as often as possible.

When you are at your place of work, you should keep a distance from others, for example, at meetings, in staff rooms or changing rooms. If possible, adapt your working hours so as to avoid crowding on public transport and at your place of work.

When you travel, locally or long-distance

Ensure you travel in a way that minimises the risk of infection. Avoid public transport if possible and instead walk, cycle or travel by car.

If you are travelling a long distance by public transport, it is advisable to choose a means of transport where it is possible to book a seat, like on a train. Do not travel if you have any symptoms.

If you travel a long way and socialise with others during the trip or at your destination, you should do so in a way that minimises the risk of spreading infection. This includes keeping your distance, self-isolating if you experience symptoms, and not socialising indoors with other people for a long time.

You should plan ahead so that if you develop symptoms, you are able to self-isolate at your destination and then travel home in a way that minimises the risk of spreading infection.

If you develop COVID-19 symptoms at your destination, you should get tested and stay indoors as secluded as you can or travel home in a safe manner to reduce the risk of spreading infection.

If you are travelling abroad, you should be especially careful and find out what applies when you return to Sweden.

Going to events or restaurants

As of 1 July, new regulations apply to businesses on how many participants or guests can be received, for example, at a restaurant, concert or sports event. The number of permitted people depends on whether it is an outdoor or indoor venue and whether there are designated seats or not. At restaurants, all guests must be seated and eating and drinking. Businesses also have to impose measures to ensure visitors and guests are sufficiently spaced out and they are required to provide information on infection control measures.

It is important to remember that guidelines and recommendations concerning everyone's responsibility to avoid infection also apply to you as a visitor or guest and you must comply with the organiser's or business's instructions.

Shopping

The recommendation to shop alone has been removed but it is still essential that people in shops, shopping centres or other public environments avoid crowding and keep a proper distance as far as possible. The purpose of the rules for businesses is to make it easier for people to keep their distance from others and to avoid crowding.

If you are planning a private gathering

Avoid larger parties or other private gatherings with many new acquaintances, especially indoors. Plan the gathering so people can keep their distance and preferably meet up outdoors. Special consideration must be shown to people who belong to at-risk groups.

It is permitted for property-owners to rent out premises for a private gathering, such as a party, for up to 50 people. However, visitors must still follow the general guidelines and recommendations, such as keeping their distance and staying at home if they have any symptoms.

For those who have been vaccinated

If you are fully vaccinated or been given one dose at least three weeks ago, you are significantly less likely to be infected and suffer from serious illness. The risk of infecting others is therefore also lower, but it is not zero. Therefore, you should continue to follow the general recommendations in society and take precautions when you socialise in contexts where you make new contacts, especially if they have not been vaccinated or if they belong to an at-risk group.

Sports and exercise

Physical exercise is important for public health and training is a prioritised activity even during the pandemic. The general guidelines and recommendations apply to sports and physical exercise just as with other activities. It is important to stay at home if you have symptoms, to keep your distance and, if possible, exercise and train outdoors. However, it is still important that training is done in small groups which do not mingle, and that there are procedures in place for participants to be able to travel home if they develop symptoms.

Children and youngsters

It is the responsibility of adults to show and explain to children and youngsters what they can do to slow down the spread of COVID-19.

The same guidelines and recommendations apply to children, youngsters and adults alike but it is especially important for children and youngsters to be able to meet up with other people and have social activities. Therefore, parents and those who organise activities for children and youngsters must ensure they keep their distance, stay at home if they have symptoms, socialise outdoors if possible, and avoid large gatherings. Frequent and thorough hand-washing or using hand sanitiser is also important.

Youngsters of upper secondary school age

Youngsters often have a great need to meet up with friends. However, just like adults, youngsters must follow the general guidelines: keep their distance, stay at home if they have symptoms, socialise outdoors if possible, and avoid large gatherings. Also, remember to wash your hands frequently and thoroughly, or use hand sanitiser, and travel in a way that minimises the risk of infection.

It is important that adults give advice and inform youngsters about these general guidelines in order to slow down the spread of infection.

Further reading

Summary of the general guidelines and recommendations

Recommendations for people entering Sweden