Vaccination programmes and their implementation are of great importance to public health.
Many severe diseases which previously caused significant number of cases and deaths have now more or less become extinct in Sweden. Vaccinations have been paramount to reach this. Following access to clean water, vaccinations are the most efficient way to promote health and save lives.
In Sweden, vaccinations are voluntary. All children are offered vaccinations against 9 diseases within the framework of child and school health services: diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, polio, infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b, measles, mumps, rubella and serious diseases caused by pneumococcus. Girls are also offered a vaccine against the human papillomavirus (HPV) which is a leading cause of cervix cancer. Read more about the child vaccination programme here.
Vaccinations included in national programmes shall be offered by counties (or municipalities for school-aged children) free of charge and registered in the national vaccination registry.