As of 1 January, 2013, healthcare providers must report all vaccinations administered within the Swedish vaccination programmes to a national vaccination register. This will allow a better monitoring of the Swedish vaccination programmes. The Public Health Agency of Sweden is responsible for the register.
In Sweden, all vaccinations are voluntary. Nevertheless, the sign-up rates to the child vaccination programme have been high for many years.
Before the National vaccination register was established, vaccination coverage was assessed via an annual collection of vaccination statistics from all child health centres and from school health services across the country.
Over 98 per cent of children born in 2012 had been given at least three vaccine doses against diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, polio and Haemophilus influenzae type b, and over 97 per cent of children were vaccinated with three doses of the pneumococcus vaccine. The percentage of children who had been vaccinated against measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) amounted to 97.5 per cent.
Vaccination against tuberculosis and hepatitis B was offered to children with an increased risk of exposure to infection. In total, 23 per cent of children were vaccinated against tuberculous and 53 per cent against hepatitis B.