The Public Health Agency of Sweden
Updated 19 February 2023

COVID-19 infection control measures

In order to limit the spread of COVID-19, the Public Health Agency of Sweden has established a series of preventive measures. Here is a summary of the most important measures.

For individuals


  • Get vaccinated against COVID-19. This applies to everyone aged 50 and above.
  • Stay home and avoid close contact with others if you are ill with symptoms of COVID-19. This also applies if you have taken a self-test that was negative.  

Vaccination against COVID-19

Stay home if you are ill and have symptoms of COVID-19

COVID-19 and pregnancy

Special recommendation for those who are not vaccinated

The Public Health Agency recommends that adults who are not vaccinated against COVID-19 be particularly careful. This means that they should avoid crowding and large gatherings indoors. Those who are unvaccinated and belong to a medical risk group run a higher risk of getting seriously ill. The risk of becoming seriously ill also increases with age.

Medical risk groups (National Board of Health and Welfare) (in Swedish)

Testing of patients and certain care users

Patients and care takers in health care and some social care activities are recommended to get tested for COVID-19.

Testing for COVID-19

For activities and organisations

Measures in health and social care

In health and social care settings, measures are still important to reduce the risk of spreading the infection. Basic hygiene routines are very important to prevent the spread of infection. In addition, source control, testing, and contact tracing are important measures to protect those who are most at risk of become seriously ill. If required, activities may use screening as a tool to reduce the risk of introducing infection. The measures need to be adapted to regional and local conditions.