The Public Health Agency of Sweden
Updated 13 January 2022

How to protect yourself and others from being infected with COVID-19

This is a summary of what you can do to protect yourself and others from being infected with COVID-19. There are special recommendations for those who are not vaccinated.

Take responsibility for preventing the spread of infection

Everyone has a responsibility for preventing the spread of COVID-19.

It is particularly important to show consideration for people in risk groups and for those who are 70 years and older.

Get vaccinated to protect yourself and others

The vaccination offers strong protection against serious illness and the spread of COVID-19.

The Public Health Agency recommends that everyone aged 12 years and above get vaccinated against COVID-19.

The Public Health Agency also recommends a booster dose to everyone aged 18 years and above.

Read more: Vaccination against COVID-19

At the website 1177.se you can read about vaccination procedures in the region where you live.

Stay at home and get tested when you have symptoms

  • Pay attention to new symptoms such as a sore throat, runny nose, fever, cough, or feeling generally unwell.
  • Stay home and avoid contact with others if you develop symptoms.
  • Get tested for COVID-19.
  • Call telephone number 1177 if you need help assessing your symptoms or advice on where to seek medical care.

At 1177.se you can read about how testing is organised where you live.

Stay home if someone in your household falls ill with COVID-19

If someone in your household falls ill with COVID-19 you need to stay home. Get tested for COVID-19 even if you do not have any symptoms. This also applies to those who are vaccinated.

More information about how long to stay at home and when to get tested

Keep a distance from others

Keep a distance from others and avoid crowded public environments. This is particularly important indoors. This applies to both children and adults.

Refrain from larger dinner parties and parties indoors

Limit the number of close contacts indoors by refraining from larger dinner parties and similar social gatherings.

Work from home when possible

  • Work from home when possible.
  • Adapt working hours to avoid crowding in public transport and at the workplace.
  • Keep a distance from others at the workplace, for example during meetings, in break rooms and changing rooms.

Avoid crowding in public transport

If possible, adults should avoid crowded public transport by choosing to travel at times other than rush hours or using other means of transport, such as cycling, walking or travelling by car.

If crowding cannot be avoided, adults should wear face masks.

This applies to both short distance and long distance travel, and to all means of public transport. E.g. when travelling by bus, tram, car, metro, boat, or train.

Follow instructions when visiting events and places where many people gather

Activities such as those who organise concerts, run restaurants, shopping centres and leisure activities implement measures to reduce the spread of infection. It is important to follow signs and other instructions when visiting these activities.

Special recommendations for those who are not vaccinated

Those who are not vaccinated run a higher risk of getting seriously ill with COVID-19. If you are not vaccinated, you should be extra careful to protect yourself and others from getting infected. Avoid indoor environments where many people gather. 

Further reading

Fact sheets