The Public Health Agency has on behalf of the government investigated the costs and other consequences resulting from increased antimicrobial resistance in Sweden. According to our projections, the number of cases of resistance is expected to double in more than ten years. By 2050, the number of cases will be four times more than today. In total, this means an additional cost to society of approximately SEK 16 billion by 2050. The analysis is based on data of the notifiable antibiotic resistance and the development of these types of resistance in Sweden in recent years.
The report has been developed as part of a government commission to develop a model for health-economic calculations of the societal consequences resulting from antibiotic resistance. The assignment has been reported to the Ministry of Social Affairs on January 17, 2018.